“Architecture should speak of its time and place, but yearn for timelessness” – Frank Gehry


Architecture (structural) is the design of cities, communities, buildings, open areas, environments, made real by developers, engineers, contractors and artisans. It is the design of the total built environment from the macro level of town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture to the micro level of construction details.

Architecture (interior) includes the design or selection of wall and floor furnishing, fixtures, and fittings, and furniture and decor.

Because every society—settled or nomadic—has a spatial relationship to the natural world and to other societies, the structures they produce reveal much about their environment (including climate and weather), history, ceremonies, and artistic sensibility, as well as many aspects of daily life.

Architecture is a passion, a calling, a science and a business. It has been described as a social art and also an artful science. Architecture must be of the highest quality of design.

In the words of the great Roman architect and historian Marcus Vitruvius, “Architecture provides firmness, commodity and delight.”

  • Firmness refers to structural integrity and durability
  • Commodity refers to spatial functionality or serving its purpose, and fulfilling the function for which the building was constructed
  • Delight means the building is not only aesthetically and visually pleasing, but also lifts the spirits and stimulates the senses





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